There are many pregnancy problems that pregnant women may encounter, here are 6 most major problems that you may encounter :

In the following, let us know what are the problems of pregnancy, what are their causes, and how they can be reduced:

What is meant by pregnancy problems?

Pregnancy problems are the problems that cause miscarriage, premature birth, or a woman’s suffering from a difficult pregnancy. The problems of pregnancy and premature birth are associated with maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality, as about 7% of all pregnant women are exposed to premature birth.

Pregnancy problems are often associated with several factors, including:

Women suffering from pre-pregnancy diseases.
Women who develop diseases discovered during pregnancy.
Women who are pregnant with two or more fetuses.
Women who suffer from a defect in the structure of the uterus.
The danger of premature birth lies in the possibility of the birth of a fetus that has not developed fully and as it should in the womb yet, which may lead to a variety of diseases, and even to the death of the fetus.

It is worth noting that 20%-30% of women who are exposed to premature birth also have an increased chance of premature birth in future pregnancies.

Top six pregnancy problems :

1. Ectopic pregnancy :


Ectopic pregnancy is, a common pregnancy problem.

Usually, an ectopic pregnancy is in the fallopian tubes; Because the fertilized egg has not completed its journey from the fallopian tube to the uterus, which is caused by a blockage or inflammation.

So, ectopic pregnancy, everyday, regular, normal, makes the value of making it regenerative in the womb.

2% of pregnancies occur outside the womb, the vast majority of these cases are not obstetric, and in cases where the fetus develops you should do a cesarean section; Because he is unable to reach the birth canal.

2. Women’s diseases :


Diseases that may be exacerbated during childbirth, such as certain diseases

heart disease or high blood pressure;
High blood clotting problems.
Concomitant diseases that affect body systems, such as kidney diseases and neurological diseases.
Autoimmune diseases.
Endocrine diseases.

3. Preeclampsia :

Preeclampsia affects about 5% of pregnant women, and it is a pregnancy problem that leads to premature birth, miscarriage, or bleeding in the pregnant brain, leading to coma or even death.

Preeclampsia involves an increase in maternal mortality and morbidity, and a higher rate of fetal and neonatal mortality and morbidity, especially as a result of premature birth and a slowing of fetal growth in the womb.

In recent years, it has been noted that the incidence of eclampsia has increased, as a result of the high age of women involved in pregnancy, and an increase in the rate of multiple pregnancies due to fertility treatments has been recorded.

Symptoms of preeclampsia are as follows:

High blood pressure, means women who had normal blood pressure before pregnancy.
Loss of protein in the urine as a result of kidney damage.
Swelling of the body, especially the extremities.
To save the mother, doctors may deliver her if this phenomenon occurs in the late stage of pregnancy.

4. Gestational diabetes

Diabetes is a common pregnancy problem, and it is divided into two main types during pregnancy, namely:

Pre-gestational diabetes, i.e. diabetes that was known to be present before pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes, is diabetes that appears during pregnancy only, and about 5% of women suffer from it, and it usually disappears after childbirth.
In both cases, pregnancy monitoring should be accompanied by specialist physicians.

Gestational diabetes is usually detected by a glucose tolerance test, and treated by:

Follow a strict diet.
Use insulin if needed.
Gestational diabetes complications
Complications for the mother and fetus due to gestational diabetes can be divided according to the different stages of pregnancy, as follows:

stage during pregnancy
These are the possible complications for the mother and fetus:

Complications for the fetus: increased miscarriage rate, congenital disabilities, premature birth, intrauterine growth retardation, obesity, intrauterine fetal death, and excessive amniotic fluid.
Complications in the mother: severe disturbances in the balance of sugar, placental abruption, and the occurrence of high blood pressure.
birth stage
These are the possible complications for the mother and fetus:

Complications in the fetus: Increased risk of fetal distress in fetuses with delayed growth and painful delivery in cases of fetuses with accelerated growth.
Complications of pregnancy in the mother: a long and sometimes painful delivery and an increased rate of cesarean section.
postpartum stage
These are the expected pregnancy problems for the mother and fetus:

Complications in the newborn:
In the short term, low blood glucose levels, persistent neonatal jaundice, increased blood viscosity, low calcium levels, and delayed pulmonary maturation.
In the long term – an increased incidence of childhood and adult obesity, a higher incidence of diabetes in adults, and possibly other developmental problems.
Complications in the mother: the need for a longer hospital stay, exacerbation of diabetes, and neurological problems.

5. Toxoplasmosis :

Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by a parasite, usually in the intestines of infected cats as well as in the cells of other animals, and toxoplasmosis is one of the causes of pregnancy problems, and the disease can be infected as a result of:

Direct oral contact with cat feces.
Eating contaminated meat that has not been cooked properly.
Work on the ground and touch the hand to the mouth.
In pregnant women, this disease can lead to pregnancy problems and fetal abnormalities, especially if the mother is infected during the first trimester of pregnancy.

If the parasite travels to the placenta, the disease can cause a miscarriage, however, many people develop toxoplasmosis during their lives and as a result develop antibodies against the parasite.

Women who have antibodies in their blood are immune from reinfection, and with a blood test, the presence of the antibodies can be detected.

6. Cytomegalo virus

CMV causes life-threatening disease in fetuses, and infection occurs through contact with secretions from an infected person.

This virus usually causes mild symptoms of mononucleosis or symptoms similar to those of the common cold.

However, CMV is one of the most common pregnancy problems of intrauterine infection, occurring in 0.5%-20% of all births.

Also, a pregnant woman infected with this virus may suffer a miscarriage.

Most fetuses who are infected with CMV during pregnancy are born healthy, but in cases that are so, the disease appears with symptoms that are:

Intrauterine growth retardation.
Brain injury.
Calcifications in the brain.
Eye injury and deafness.
It can also cause an enlarged liver and spleen, rash and jaundice.